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Q | A

Q. What do you understand by the term ‘stowage factor’? A. Stowage factor is the volume occupied by unit weight and expressed in either ft3/ton, or m3/ton. (No account is taken of broken stowage).   Q. What is ‘broken stowage’? A. Unfilled spaces between cargo packages is termed ‘broken stowage’. It tends to be the […]

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Surface Compression Chambers (Diving Code)

2.2.1 A diving system should, as a minimum, include either one surface compression chamber with two separate compartments, or two interconnected separate chambers so designed as to permit ingress or egress of personnel while one compartment or chamber remains pressurized. All doors should be designed so that locking mechanisms, if provided, can be operated from […]

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C – 068 [Food and Catering Convention]

ARTICLE 7 National laws or regulations or, in the absence of such laws or regulations, collective agreements between employers and workers shall provide for inspection at sea at prescribed intervals by the master, or an officer specially deputed for the purpose by him, together with a responsible member of the Catering department of—   supplies […]

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Pivot Point

STOPPED Unless stated otherwise, each example assumes a ship on even keel in calm conditions and still water. In this situation no forces are involved and the ship has its centre of gravity, approximately amidships.   Pivot point – stopped   HEADWAY Two forces now come into play. Firstly, the forward momentum of the ship […]

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BILLS OF LADING

Bill of Lading is a receipt for goods either received (before shipment) or shipped on board. is good evidence of the existence and terms of a contract between the shipper and carrier. (A contract of carriage may exist without issue of a bill of lading, however.) A bill of lading is not a true contract, […]

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Types of Chemical Carriers

In general ships carrying chemicals in bulk are classed into three types: A ‘Type 1’ ship is a chemical tanker intended to transport Chapter 17 of the IBC Code products with very severe environmental and safety hazards which require maximum preventive measures to preclude an escape of such cargo.   A ‘Type 2’ ship is […]

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Q | A

Q. Means of stopping the main engines from a remote position outside of the engine room is a requirement of the regulations. What types of ‘stops’ are provided and what do they cut off? A. The more modern vessel will be equipped with ‘solenoid switches’ which operate ‘gate valves’. These close down the fuel supply, […]

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CSS CODE

CHAPTER 2 – PRINCIPLES OF SAFE STOWAGE & SECURING OF CARGOES 2.1 SUITABILITY OF CARGO Cargo carried in containers, road vehicles, ship borne barges, railway wagons and other cargo transport units should be packed and secured within these units so as to prevent, throughout the voyage, damage or hazard to the ship, to the persons […]

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CODE OF SIGNALS

CHAPTER II | DEFINITIONS For the purpose of this Code the following terms shall have the meanings defined below: “Visual signaling” is any method of communication, the transmission of which is capable of being seen. “Sound signaling” is any method of passing Morse signals by means of siren, whistle, foghorn, bell, or other sound apparatus. […]

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PAL | PROTOCOL – 2002

ARTICLE 1 For the purposes of this Protocol: 1. Convention means the text of the Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea, 1974. 2. Organization means the International Maritime Organization. 3. Secretary-General means the Secretary-General of the Organization.   ARTICLE 2 Article 1, paragraph 1 of the Convention is […]

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