CHAPTER 1 – GENERAL
This Code applies to cargoes carried on board ships (other than solid and liquid bulk cargoes and timber stowed on deck) and, in particular, to those cargoes whose stowage and securing have proved in practice to create difficulties.
1.2 DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
For the purposes of this Code:
Cargo unit means a vehicle, container, flat, pallet, portable tank, packaged unit, or any other entity, etc., and loading equipment, or any part thereof, which belongs to the ship but is not fixed to the ship as defined in Assembly resolution A.489 (XII).
Intermediate bulk container (IBC) means a rigid, semi-rigid or flexible portable bulk container packaging of a capacity of not more than 3 m³ (3,000 litres), designed for mechanical handling and tested for its satisfactory resistance to handling and transport stresses.
Portable tank means a tank which is not permanently secured on board a ship, and has a capacity of more than 450 litres and a shell fitted with external stabilizing members and items of service equipment and structural equipment necessary for the transport of gases, liquids or solids.
Road tank-vehicle means a vehicle with wheels and fitted with a tank or tanks intended for the transport of gases, liquids or solids by both road and sea modes of transport, the tank or tanks of which are rigidly and permanently attached to the vehicle during all normal operations of loading, transport and discharge and are neither filled nor emptied on board.
Road vehicle means a commercial vehicle, semi-trailer, road train, articulated road train or a combination of vehicles, as defined in Assembly resolution A.581 (14).
Roll-trailer means a low vehicle for the carriage of cargo with one or more wheel axles on the rear and a support on the front end, which is towed or pushed in the port to and from its stowage on board the ship by a special tow-vehicle.
Ro-ro ship means a ship which has one or more decks either closed or open, not normally subdivided in any way and generally running the entire length of the ship, carrying goods which are loaded and unloaded normally in a horizontal manner.
Unit load means that a number of packages are either:
1. placed or stacked, and secured by strapping, shrink-wrapping or other suitable means, on to a load board such as a pallet; or
2. placed in a protective outer packaging such as a pallet box; or
3. permanently secured together in a sling.
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