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PAL CONVENTION – 1974

ARTICLE 1 – DEFINITIONS

 

In this Convention the following expressions have the meaning hereby assigned to them:

1.

a. carrier means a person by or on behalf of whom a contract of carriage has been concluded, whether the carriage is actually performed by him or by a performing carrier;

b. performing carrier means a person other than the carrier, being the owner, charterer or operator of a ship, who actually performs the whole or a part of the carriage;

2. contract of carriage means a contract made by or on behalf of a carrier for the carriage by sea of a passenger or of a passenger and his luggage, as the case may be;

3. ship means only a seagoing vessel, excluding an air-cushion vehicle;

4. passenger means any person carried in a ship,

a. under a contract of carriage, or

b. who, with the consent of the carrier, is accompanying a vehicle or live animals which are covered by a contract for the carriage of goods not governed by this Convention;

5. luggage means any article or vehicle carried by the carrier under a contract of carriage, excluding:

a. articles and vehicles carried under a charter party, bill of lading or other contract primarily concerned with the carriage of goods, and

b. live animals;

6. cabin luggage means luggage which the passenger has in his cabin or is otherwise in his possesion, custody or control. Except for the application of paragraph 8 of this Article and Article 8, cabin luggage includes luggage which the passenger has in or on his vehicle;

7. loss of or damage to luggage includes pecuniary loss resulting from the luggage not having been re-delivered to the passenger within a reasonable time after the arrival of the ship on which the luggage has been or should have been carried, but does not include delays resulting from labour disputes;

8. carriage covers the following periods:

a. with regard to the passenger and his cabin luggage, the period during which the passenger and/or his cabin luggage are on board the ship on in the course of embarkation or disembarkation, and the period during which the passenger and his cabin luggage are transported by water from land to the ship or vice-versa, if the cost of such transport is included in the fare or if the vessel used for this purpose of auxiliary transport has been put at the disposal of the passenger by the carrier. However, with regard to the passenger, carriage does not include the period during which he is in a marine terminal or station or on a quay or in or on any other port installation;

b. with regard to cabin luggage, also the period during which the passenger is in a marine terminal or station or on a quay or in or on any other port installation if that luggage has been taken over by the carrier or his servant or agent and has not been re-deliverd to the passenger;

c. with regard to other luggage which is not cabin luggage, the period from the time of its taking over by the carrier or his servant or agent on shore or on board until the time of its re-delivery by the carrier or his servant or agent;

9. International carriage means any carriage in which, according to the contract of carriage, the place of departure and the place of destination are situated in two different States, or in a single State if, according to the contract of carriage or the scheduled itinerary, there is an intermediate port of call in another State;

10. Organization means the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization.

 

Read More: PAL CONVENTION

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