Timber is generally shipped as logs, pit props or sawn packaged timber. The high SF of timber (1.39 m/ton), generally indicates that a ship whose holds are full with forestry products will often not be down to her marks. For this reason an additional heavy cargo like ore is often booked alongside the timber cargo. Alternatively, the more common method is to split the timber cargo to positions both below and above decks.
Where timber forms part of the deck stow, some thought should be made to route planning in order to provide a good weather route. Prudent selection of a correct route could avoid prevailing bad weather and unnecessary concerns with the cargo absorbing high seawater quantities. The ship being loaded from the onset with adequate GM and sufficient positive stability could be directly affected in the event of shipping heavy seas in conjunction with timber deck cargoes.
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