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UNCLOS

PART VII | HIGH SEAS

SECTION 1 | GENERAL PROVISIONS

ARTICLE 86 | APPLICATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THIS PART

The provisions of this Part apply to all parts of the sea that are not included in the exclusive economic zone, in the territorial sea or in the internal waters of a State, or in the archipelagic waters of an archipelagic State. This article does not entail any abridgement of the freedoms enjoyed by all States in the exclusive economic zone in accordance with article 58.

 

ARTICLE 87 | FREEDOM OF THE HIGH SEAS

1. The high seas are open to all States, whether coastal or land-locked. Freedom of the high seas is exercised under the conditions laid down by this Convention and by other rules of international law. It comprises, inter alia, both for coastal and land-locked States:

a. freedom of navigation;

b. freedom of over flight;

c. freedom to lay submarine cables and pipelines, subject to Part VI;

d. freedom to construct artificial islands and other installations permitted under international law, subject to Part VI;

e. freedom of fishing, subject to the conditions laid down in section 2;

f. freedom of scientific research, subject to Parts VI and XIII.

2. These freedoms shall be exercised by all States with due regard for the interests of other States in their exercise of the freedom of the high seas, and also with due regard for the rights under this Convention with respect to activities in the Area.

 

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